Country of Origin: Italy
specialised in truffle-searching on any kind of
8th - retriever, hunting and water dogs.
Section 3rd - water
Short historical notes
ancient water retriever dog present as early as in the XVI century in the
flat-lowlands of Comacchio and then the flat marshlands of Ravenna. Later it spread over
the hills and lowland plains of Romagna with the precise function of
is a medium-small size dog, of coarse appearance, stout and very
well-proportioned, with thick and curly hair of woolly texture. The
general structure is that of a slight mesomorphous whose torso falls
within the square, harmonious in terms of size (etherometry) and
disharmonious in terms of profiles (alloidism).
The length of the head reaches 40% of height at the
The length of the muzzle is 20% lower than that of the skull
(namely the muzzle corresponds to 44% approximately of the total head
The height of the chest is much lower than 50% of
the height at the withers and can even go up to 44% of said
Lagotto's function is truffle-searching, a job
that it performs with passion and efficiency, thanks to its natural gift
for searching and its optimum olfaction. Given that its hunting instinct
has been removed, it is not distracted by the smell of game in its work
and can be considered as the only dog specialised in truffle-searching. It
is sober, clever, affectionate, very fond of his owner and easily
trainable and also a very good warning dog and
Moderately massive and of
trapezoidal form when seen from above. The upper longitudinal axes of the
skull and muzzle are slightly diverging. Its length reaches 40% of the
height at the withers. Cephalic index varies from 50 to 54, (mesocephaly).
Never lower than 50 (dolieoeephaly). Skin adheres to underlying tissues
and is smooth and tight.
The skull : is large
at the zygoma. Its length corresponds to 56% of the total head length;
width (bizygomatic diameter) equals length. Frontally it is arched. In
profile it forms a very open arch that is attenuated in the occipital
region. Frontal sinuses well developed in three dimensions, marked arch of
the eyebrows, nasofrontal depression (stop) not very marked but
mid-frontal sulcus, short and relatively depressed occipital crest, supraorbital fossae
(fontanelle) lightly marked.
Stop: not too pronounced
Nose schwamm: is bulky, with very wide, open and mobile
median groove is very strong. In profile it is on the same line as the
nose ridge and protrudes very slightly from the front face of the lips
(81°-87° approximately compared to the nose ridge). Colour ranges from
light to dark brown depending on the hue of the
its length is about 20% lower than that of the skull (namely the muzzle
corresponds to about 44% of the total head length). Its depth or height
reaches 85% of the length of the nose ridge.
Lateral faces are sightly converging but the front face is quite flat. The
upper profile of the nose ridge is rectilinear, the lower profile of the
muzzle is given by the mandible.
upper lips are not marked and quite stretched; labial commessure is
scarcely visible. Frontally they form - at their disjunction - a wide
semi-circle. Labial edges are pigmented in the various hues of
are covered by long and quite bristly hair forming
Jaws: marked jaws. The branches of the jaw are
quite rectilinear and the mandibular body is strong and relatively large.
Teeth are white and complete in terms of development and number, incisors
are set scissors or pincer-like, reversed scissors are tolerated
(anteversion of lower incisors).
Cheeks: flat masseters.
Large, rounds and slightly emerging. Iris colour
ranges from ochre to dark hazel and brown depending on the coat. They have
a sub-frontal location with adherent eyelids with margins pigmented in the
various hues of brown. Eyelashes
are very prominent. Attentive, intelligent and lively
Moderately large compared to the
volume of the head, with slightly rounded apexes. Triangular shape and
quite large base, attached slightly above the zygomatic arch, they are
hanging at rest or slightly raised when the dog is attentive. If extended
they reach the nose ridge at 1/4 of its length. On the ears hair tend to
open the curl but is always very wavy. There is no part of the ear with
short hair. The inner pan of the pinna is covered with
Slightly arched frontally. Absolutely free of
dewlap. It is slightly shorter than the head (85% of the total head
length); its perimeter can reach the double of its length in males. It is
stout, muscular, lean, with oval section and is well detached from the
It has a robust and
compact structure (its length equals the height at the
Rectilinear from the
withers to the rump.
They exceed rump level.
Although not being very narrow they are quite high and extended
Rectilinear, very muscular. Its length corresponds
to 33% approximately of the height at the withers.
Short, very robust, slightly
convex in profile, well linked up with back and rump Its length
corresponds to 1/6 of height at the withers, while width equals and
sometimes exceeds length.
(about 32% of the height at withers), large (on average 24%
of the height at withers), muscular, slightly tilted (coxal inclination
ranges from 25° to
According to coxal
- horizontal - from
15° to 25°
- tilted - from 25° to 35°
- oblique or sunken over
reaches the elbow, its perimeter exceeds height at withers by 20%,
diameter is transverse, at the most it is in the middle of chest height,
its depth roaches 54% of height at withers, its height reaches 44% of
height at withers. Frontally it has a very slight careening and then
widens again backwards starting from he sixth rib.
The sternoverntral profile
shows a long sternal region that tends to from a straight line in a first
short section and then continues into a semicircle with very large chord
rising gently towards the abdomen that is not too drawn
It is inserted mid-height,
tapered at the top, if extended it brushes past the hock. It is covered
with woolly and bristly hair. It is in a scimitar position at rest and is
markedly raised if the dog is attentive. During work or when the dog is
excited it may also be raised along the line of the back, but never
General Examination: regular perpendicularities both
in profile and frontally. The height of the front limbs at the elbow
reaches almost 56% of height at the withers.
long (it reaches 30% of the height at the withers), oblique (52°/55°),
muscular, strong, adheres to the chest but Is free-moving. The
scapulo-homeral angle ranges from 110° to
muscular, of thin bone structure, its length
corresponds to 30% of height at the withers. Its inclination over the
horizon ranges from 58° to 60°.
long, prominent, adhere to the chest well but are not too tight, covered
with thin skin. As the humeri, they have to be absolutely parallel to the
sagittal plane of the torso. The tip of the elbow (oleocranial epiphysis)
on the vertical lowered from the caudal angle of the scapula to the
vertical, oval section, with compact bone structure. Its length
corresponds to 36% of height at the withers.
it follows the vertical line of the forearm. It is thin, thick and mobile.
The pisiform bone is markedly protruding.
it is much smaller than the forearm. It is thin, elastic, with minimum
subcutaneous cell tissue. Frontally its direction must be on the same
vertical plane passing through the forearm. In profile it forms a
with the ground.
Foot: roundish and compact
front foot with arched and compact digits. Strong and curved nails. Good
pigmentation of plantar and digital cushions. Very strong interdigital
Overall examination: regular perpendicularities. Rear
quarters are powerful and well-proportioned to the size of the
long (up to 35% of the length at the withers) with clearly separated and
visible muscles, with a slight rear convexity. The axis of the femur, that
is markedly oblique top-down and backforth, has a 80° inclination
on the horizontal. Hence, the coxofemoral angle is about
vertical plane passing through the thigh, as against the median plane of
the body, is parallel.
it is slightly longer than the thigh (about 36% of the height at the
withers), with good bone and muscle structure, and has a marked leg
groove. Its inclination en the horizontal ranges from 130° to
direction is parallel to the median plane of the
Hock: it is large, thick, lean,
with clear-cut bone salience, parallel to the median plane of the body.
The tibio-metatarsal angle is about 140°
it is thin, cylindrical, always perpendicular to the
Foot: rear feet are
slightly more oval-shaped than the front feet and falanges are a bit less
pace. Lively trot. Some gallop.
It adheres to the carpus very
well in every region, thin,
with scarce subcutaneous cell tissue. It must form no wrinkles. The
pigment of mucosas and sclera range from light to dark or very dark brown.
The same applies to carpal, digital and plantar
Woolly-texture hair, never
twisted to form thin cords or curls, semi-rough on the surface, with very
thicks curls, ring-shaped, with visible undercoat.Curls must be
homogeneously distributed throughout the body, barring the head where
curls tend to open up. Abundant whiskers, beard and eyebrows. Even the
cheeks are covered with thick hair. The covering hair and especially the
undercoat are water-repellent.Given that the hair, if not cut, tend to
felt, a complete clipping must be performed at least once a year. Felted
hair and undercoat must be removed periodically.
Unicoloured off-white, white
with brown or orange spots, brown roan, unicoloured brown (in different
hues), unicoloured orange, never black, black and white or grey. Some dogs
have a brown or dark brown mask.
Height at the withers
Males: from 43 to 48 cm, ideal height: 46
Females: from 41 to 46
cm, ideal height: 43 cm, 1 cm
Males: from 13 to 16 kg
Females: from 11 to 14
Every deviation from the
above-mentioned characteristics for every region is a defect that must be
penalised in the judgement according to its severity and
Defects leading to
Convergence of cranio-facial nerves, concave nose
ridge, marked and deforming prognathism, partial depigmentation, bilateral
strabismus, non-curly or totally clipped hair, black or black-dappled
coat, presence of dew-claws, amputated tail, height at the withers higher
or lower than the limits set.
Defects leading to
Enognathism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, total depigmentation,
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